Many people have come and gone, but few names have gone down into history and become immortal. Most of the names we forget, but a few remain memorable to all ages. In fact those are people who immortalise themselves by committing to the welfare of human beings at large. They leave something that adds to the collective happiness of people.
Nelson Mandela is a hero of 20th history. He is an icon of democracy and freedom. Mandela brought freedom to the oppressed Negroes peoples of South Africa who were under the cruel rule of the British for many years. Nelson Mandela did struggle for freedom, equality and democracy for whom he sat in prison at 27 years. Mandela never compromised his objects, aims and target. Nelson Mandela faced many mere problems. From this real fact, we can say Mandela is symbol of struggle and result of freedom, equality and democracy. He did not win the battle overnight however. Mandela Had to endure through a lot of difficulties, including a long prison life of 27 years. What was his life like? Perhaps you want to know.
Mandela delivered a nation out of the dark, unjust age, and brought the light of equality, democracy and freedom.
Nelson Mandela was born in July in 1918 in a small village called Umtata in South Africa. His father was the chief of the Tembukabila region. But they had a plain and ordinary life. Mandela did not like the luxury of the rich people. So, he always remained a plain man, and dream of freedom for his people and his nation. As he grew, his heart ached more to see the cruelty the British were meting out to his people. The native Negroes were not allowed to hold high ranks in the government offices. While still in his mid-twenties, Mandela jumped into politics. In 1944, he joined the African National Congress, a political party that was fighting for freedom of South Africa. Soon, the enthusiastic and young patriots of South Africa formed of Youth League. Mandela was one of its founder members. The members of the League drafted a declaration that demanded equality and freedom. Mandela traveled from places to places, encouraging people to come out to the streets and oppose the unjust rule of the Whites.
Nelson Mandela did struggle for freedom, equality and democracy for whom he sat in prison at 27 years. Mandela never compromised his objects, aims and target. Nelson Mandela faced many mere problems. From this real fact, we can say Mandela is symbol of struggle and result of freedom, equality and democracy. He did not win the battle overnight however. Mandela Had to endure through a lot of difficulties, including a long prison life of 27 years.
The British Government had a policy of separate development. This policy was called apartheid. According to the policy, the whites and the blacks could not mix. The blacks had separate schools, separate offices and separate shopping centers. According to the policy, the blacks could not play with the whites. Jobs were given according to the race. The blacks were confined to low jobs, while the whites ones enjoyed higher jobs.
Nelson Mandela did not like apartheid. He spoke openly against it, and united the Negro population of the South Africa against it. Still underground, Mandela encouraged people to organize peaceful protests and rallies.
In 1960, African protesters gathered at Sharpeville for a demonstration. They shouted slogans against the government. They not only demanded the end of Apartheid, but also the end of British rule in South Africa. Instead of listening to their demands, the British soldiers cruelly fired their guns at the African people and mercilessly killed 69 of them.
In 1962, the British government arrested Nelson Mandela and put him into the jail. In 1964, the punishment was converted into life-imprisonment. It was a difficult life. Mandela was made to do hard, physical works. He was tortured day and night.
The freedom movement and anti-apartheid campaign however did not stop. Nelson Mandela remained the ideal and inspiration for the protestors. The Sharpeville massacre and the imprisonment of Mandela brought international support to the anti-apartheid movement. The British government ultimately decided to release Nelson Mandela in 1990 after 27 years of imprisonment. Thousands of people waited outside the jail to see their dear leader come out. They jumped in happiness and shed tears of joy.
In 1991, the government ended apartheid. The unjust law ended. Equality returned to South Africa ultimately. In the general election of 1994, Mandela’s African Congress won, and Nelson Mandela became the president of South Africa. Such was Great Mandela. His courage and determination were so strong that the white government had to kneel down ultimately. Mandela delivered a nation out of the dark, unjust age, and brought the light of equality, democracy and freedom. In 1993, Mandela was awarded the Nobel Prize for Peace.
In spite of all these great qualities, Mandela has always remained a simple man. He is a great lover if humanity, and as a symbol of unity and freedom.
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